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MS Mastering

MS MASTERING So-called M/S Mastering involves the execution of certain types of processing operations, executable between one encoding operation and another decoding operation of the mix, which transforms the L-R (Left-Right) matrix into a...
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Stem Mastering - The rules for a correct process

NOTE This article can be considered a continuation of an earlier introductory article, entitled: Stem Mastering - Basic Principles What Stems Gang of Four One possibility, suggested by sound engineer Bob Katz and applicable...
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Stem Mastering - Basic Principles

Stem Mastering We could also call it Multi Track Mastering and define it as a middle way between a simplified Mix and the more usual Single Track Mastering. Instead of manipulating a single stereo mix, in addition to it we will in fact use...
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The mental approach to effective audio mixing

Foreword: What is audio mixing for? Many might take the answer to this question for granted. However, both during some seminars and in conversations with various industry professionals, I have come across numerous misunderstandings...
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A Brief History of Mixing

Orchestration as Prototypical Mixing. The art of arranging, orchestration and finally orchestral conducting, deeply rooted in music, can also be understood as an 'acoustic proto-mixing'....
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Loudness in mastering - part 2

Continued from Part 1: https://www.alessandrofois.com/loudness-nel-mastering-parte-1-dinamica/ To prevent background noise and other disturbances inherent in recording media (e.g. tape hiss...
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Loudness in mastering - part 1

Dynamics Dynamic amplitude In a piece of music or speech, it is the difference in volume between phrasing at lower and higher volume. In acoustic music (without amplification), that performed by the...
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The stereo recording of the voice

The stereo recording of vocals Rarely will one feel the need to record a solo voice in stereo. Often, in fact, when necessary, a 'stereophonisation' of the monophonic vocal source is generated by means of processors...
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Picking up the voice: antipop, distance from the microphone and its angle.

Microphone distance Let's assume that we have an ideal large professional room acoustically treated with state-of-the-art engineering care; let's imagine that we place the microphone at an ideal point in such a room...
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Auto-tuning, voice pitch correction (and more)

Autotuning And here we come to the Autotuning control, the last operational link in the editing process, which will allow us to improve the pitch of the singer and any other untempered or badly tuned monophonic musical instrument. ATTENTION First.